The World Heritage Sites initiative, established by UNESCO in 1972, identifies and protects places of exceptional cultural and natural significance worldwide. Sites are selected based on strict criteria, including their historical, cultural, or ecological importance. Designation as a World Heritage Site promotes global awareness and encourages sustainable tourism and conservation efforts. Currently, there are over a thousand such sites across the globe, ranging from ancient monuments to pristine natural wonders. These sites represent the collective heritage of humanity and serve as a reminder of the need to preserve our shared past for future generations. UNESCO